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Francis Rico Espinola Tobes
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Profile Information

What is your name?
Francis Tobes
What is your job title?
Technical Officer- Samar Center for Rural Education and Development, Inc.
What organisation do you work for?
Samar Center for Rural Education and Development, Inc. (NGO)
What aspects of biodiversity are you most interested in?
Access and benefit sharing, Agriculture, CBD negotiations, Communicating biodiversity, Climate change, Education, Forests, Invasive species, Poverty and biodiversity, Protected areas, Traditional knowledge
What languages do you speak?
english, filipino
Please use this section to introduce yourself in more detail, adding any other relevant information not included in your previous answers. The site administrator will use this answer to decide whether to approve your membership
I am the technical officer of the Samar Center for Rural Education and Development, Inc. (SACRED) a non stock and non profit non - government organization based in Samar. I am currently handling the Community Outreach and Development Program (CODP) .

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At 23:24 on May 24, 2015, Mrs.Abiola Bawuah said…

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At 2:28 on February 5, 2013, Francis Rico Espinola Tobes said…

DENR report admits Philippines is way behind biodiversity protection

By Nikko Dizon
Philippine Daily Inquirer

2:04 am | Friday, October 5th, 2012

MANILA, Philippines—In its first report in 20 years since the enactment of a law aimed to ensure the conservation of the country’s biodiversity, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) acknowledged that much has to be done even as there have been gains in its efforts in protected areas management.

The 48-page report entitled “Communities in Nature: State of Protected Areas Management in the Philippines” admitted that the country’s biodiversity has remained threatened.

It said: “Many scientists have expressed the concern that despite the significant gains in protected areas management, the Philippines is still losing its remaining forest and coastal ecosystems at an alarming rate.”

“In other words, the country is either not effective in conserving its resources, or not fast enough in protecting ecosystems at risk,” the report said.

Nonetheless, the DENR was able to establish “a system of protected areas for biodiversity conservation and has rehabilitated and restored degraded ecosystems,” according to DENR Secretary Ramon Paje.

Dr. Mundita Lim, national project director of the New Conservation Areas in the Philippines Project (NewCAPP), said the government might have been “slow” in addressing biodiversity conservation because there have been gaps in the identification of protected areas nationwide, funding constraints as well as the capacities and awareness gaps among people, including DENR employees themselves.

“Management is a problem itself. We want to sustainably manage the protected areas themselves,” said Lim, who is also the director of the DENR Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB).

She stressed the need for the participation of stakeholders, particularly the local governments, which could invest their money in conservation efforts.

“They know that if they invest in protected areas, the returns would be huge. Everything would come in later. There should be the recognition of the people of the value of biodiversity to them, even the national government. Once the national government recognizes that (biodiversity) is actually the foundation for development, they would invest more than what we are getting at the moment,” Lim said.

Between 2005 and 2009, the PAWB was allocated less than P1 million to support activities for protected areas system management, according to the report.

But Lim also said that recognizing the problems in protected areas management was already a “good step towards addressing (the issue).”

While he has yet to see the report, Jose Ma. Lorenzo Tan of the conservation group WWF-Philippines told the Inquirer by phone that “generally, protected areas management is insufficiently funded.”

“There is much room for improved management and enforcement. The rules of the NIPAS ACAT have by and large proven to be cumbersome, throwing, in many cases, too many roadblocks that would allow for improved effective management,” he said.


At 2:27 on February 5, 2013, Francis Rico Espinola Tobes said…



The Silvery Kingfisher (Alcedo argentata) is a species of bird in the Alcedinidae family that is endemic to the Philippines. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and rivers. It is threatened by habitat loss. In the Philippines, it is called the kasay-kasay bird.

The Philippine flying lemur (Cynocephalus volans) is one of two species of flying lemurs, the only two living species in the order Dermoptera Additionally, it is the only member of the genus Cynocephalus. It is locally called Kagwang, found in the Islands of Samar Bohol and the whole of Mindanao.


The Philippine Leafbird (Chloropsis flavipennis) is a species of bird in the Chloropseidae family. It is endemic to the Philippines. It is found in the islands of Mindanao, Samar-Leyte, and Cebu. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests. It is threatened by habitat loss. Its stronghold appears to be Mindanao, with populations small in Leyte and in Cebu, the species could already be extinct.

The Mindanao Flying Dragon (D. mindanensis) is a lizard species capable of gliding found in the Philippines. It is a member of the order Squamata and the family Agamidae. Characterized by a dull grayish brown body color and a vivid tangerine orange dewlap, this species is one of the largest of the Draco genus. This species is diurnal and arboreal.

The Mindanao Flying Dragon inhabits regions of primary and secondary-growth forests. There appears to be a dependence on primary dipterocarp forest for this species' survival. D. mindanensis is noted for being a bioindicator for the forested regions of Mindanao, and some parts of Samar, Leyte and Dinagat.


Alocasia sanderiana, commonly known as the kris plant, is an ornamental plant in the Araceae family. It is native to  Samar, Misamis Occidental and BukidnonPhilippines. It is classified as Critically Endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).






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